Joinder of Issue
The point in a lawsuit where the defendant has challenged, or denied, some or all of the plaintiff’s allegations, and/or when it becomes known which legal questions are being disputed. Joinder of issue takes place after pre-trial motions and discovery have been sufficiently completed, making the issues at stake in the trial clear to all involved.
Two or more co-owners, each possessing an identical, undivided stake in a property, so that, should one of the tenants die, ownership does not pass to heirs of the deceased tenant, but remains in the sole possession of the surviving tenants.
Judgment Notwithstanding the Verdict
Sometimes abbreviated from the Latin “non obstante verdicto” as “judgment N.O.V.” or just “N.O.V.” Refers to the reversal of a jury verdict by the trial judge, when the judge believes that the verdict has no factual basis or is contrary to law. The judge then enters a different verdict “as a matter of law.”
A court-ordered sale of goods by a court appointee, usually to satisfy the requirements of a court decision. Such sales must make public the time, place, and a description of the goods sold.
Also known as a “non-conforming loan,” a loan that exceeds the limits set by the federal corporations Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
A Latin term meaning “been sworn,” the section of an affidavit where the signer swears that the contents of the document are true and containing the date, name of the person swearing, the name of the person before whom the oath was made, and, sometimes, the place where the oath takes place, as recorded by a notary public.
All matters relating to the study of the law.
Justice of the Peace
A judge responsible only for minor legal proceedings, such as misdemeanors, traffic matters, and small claims actions. More common in rural jurisdictions, and usually an attorney, although in some states, laypeople may qualify to become justices of the peace by taking a test.
Refers to a matter that is capable of being decided in a court of law.